Adimali - Cheruthoni - Kattappana - Anavilasom - Kumily. Idukki district was the first in India to get connected to a super-fast broad band system as a part of the Digital India campaign. These protected areas are especially known for several threatened and endemic species including the Nilgiri tahr, the grizzled giant squirrel, the Nilgiri wood-pigeon, the elephant, the gaur, the Nilgiri langur, the sambar, and the neelakurinji (that blossoms only once in twelve years). [4] The Idukki Hydroelectric Project caters to more than 60% of the power requirements of the state of Kerala. This oil is a costly item marketed at a few choosy outlets all over the state. Idukki (ഇടുക്കി)is a district in the Indian state of Kerala. However, with Anakkara being situated in environmentally sensitive Western Ghats, environmentalists and villagers argue that this can significantly impact the area's climatic conditions and livelihood of people. [clarification needed] It is the first municipality in the high range of Idukki district with the real terraineous[check spelling] touch of Idukki as Thodupuzha municipality is situated in low range. The main attractions here are mist-covered mountains and lakes, pilgrim centers (Kurishumala, Murugan temple, and burial chamber of a Sufi saint), and pine forests. Kerala Civic Body Polls: Following strict COVID-19 guidelines, this phase of polling will be for 8,116 wards in 451 local bodies across Kottayam, Ernakulam, Thrissur, Palakkad and Wayanad districts. Kovilmala, near Kattappana in Idukki is home to one of the still ruling tribal kings in India, Kovilmala Raja Mannan.Kovilmala is the headquarters of Mannan community who preserves certain customs, traditions, and form of governance, making them a unique tribal unit. [citation needed]. Anakkara Airport will be a great leap in Idukki's complete development. https://www.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_second_largest_district_of_Kerala The place can be accessed by road. The Thenmala dam is the second largest irrigation project in Kerala, India. For Smart Workers. Sudhi (3 November 2006) The Hindu, retrieved 21 June 2007, UNESCO, World Heritage sites, Tentative lists, Western Ghats sub cluster, Niligiris. Sandalwood oil, also known as ‘liquid gold,’ is extracted from the roots and wood of sandalwood. Reviewed 22 December 2015 . The 2nd Biggest Mall in Kerala !! The district is divided into 15 talukas and has a number of mountain forts, Ashtavinayaka Ganesha temples, temple of Khandoba in Jejuri and near by hill stations such as Lonavla and Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga temple of Lord Shiva. The major rivers flowing through the area are the Periyar and the Cheruthoniar.[17]. The auction-rate for first quality Marayur sandal is quoted at Rs.1100 per kg, according to forest department sources (2004). 132 species of birds have been recorded which include endemics like black-and-orange flycatcher, Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri wood pigeon, white bellied shortwing, Nilgiri flycatcher and Kerala laughingthrush. Uthamapalayam, Cumbum, Kumily, Peermade, Kanjirapally,Pampady, Kottayam, Changanassery, Thiruvalla, Chengannur, Charummoodu, Bharanikkavu, Kollam. Bikaner district is second largest district by area in Rajasthan bounded by Ganganagar,Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and Nagaur district. The blocks are:[30], Culture in Idukki is mixed since it consists of migrated people from other parts of Kerala and native tribals. Ramakkalmedu (രാമക്കൽമേട്‌) is a hill station and hamlet in the Idukki district. Thiruvananthapuram is the largest metropolis area and the capital city of kerala. The first and oldest dam in Kerala is Mullaperiyar. Kannur has an urban population of 1,640,986, which is the second largest in Kerala after Ernakulam district. 305 km2 (118 sq mi) of the core zone was declared as the Periyar National Park in 1982, Pampadum Shola National Park is the smallest national park in Kerala state, South India. Via: It is home to herds of elephants, sambar, tigers, gaur, lion-tailed macaques and Nilgiri langurs. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population, and at 859 persons per km²; its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. According to the 2011 census, Hindus make up 46.76% (541,854) of the population, with Christians at 45.92% (481,507) and Muslims at 7.32% (82,206). [31] The system of governance here is a democratic - monarchy in which a king is elected by the people to rule.[32]. Most of the park is grassland and the average altitude is more than 5000 feet above sea level. Rubber - Kottayam. Arecanut - Kasaragod. Some of the districts were renamed in 1990 from the anglicised names to their local names. Idukki is not connected to rail or air networks yet and is accessible only by road. The Thiruvananthapuram Zoo is one among the best … Anamudi peak is on the southern part of this park. What is the second largest district of Kerala. Kottayam District Magistrate M Anjana on Wednesday said stringent measures are being taken to contain the spread of bird flu in her district, including … Idukki is also home to unique dishes like Idiyirachi, a preserved meat common in the local cuisine. [6], Most of the people of Idukki speak Malayalam. - Ponkunnam - Elamgulam - Pala - - Uthimmoodu - Mandiram - Ranni - Makkapuzha - Ponthanpuzha - of India for Kerala state reveal that population of Kerala has increased by 4.91% in this decade compared (2001-2011) to past decade (1991-2001). The town is situated at the convergence of three mountain streams, namely Muthirappuzha, Nallathanni, and Kundala. 36/2006 F&WLD (6 October 2006) Retrieved 5 December 2007, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, http://www.theweekendleader.com/Causes/912/idukki-for-tn.html, https://zeenews.india.com/news/kerala/kerala-to-probe-campaign-to-hive-off-idukki-district_820970.html, "Idukki District Population Census 2011, Kerala literacy sex ratio and density", "Government of Kerala, Forest and Wildlife Department, Notification No. Idukki is the second largest district in Kerala with very low population density and is also known as the spice garden of Kerala. This hill station provides options of trekking, para gliding or rock climbing for adventure-seekers, and has many varieties of flora and fauna. The Sobha Mall with its huge brand and a out of the world ambience provides the best in class shopping and entertainment options. Kayamkulam is a town on the Arabian Sea in the Alappuzha district of Kerala, Indian state. It is the 3rd largest city in Kerala and the headquarters of Kozhikode District. Sasthamkotta, Adoor, Thattayil, Pathanamthitta, Perunad, Angamoozhy, Kakki, Gavi, Kollam in Kerala with Dindigul in Tamil Nadu, Theni, Kumbazha - Mylapra - Mannarakulanji Thomankoothu waterfalls is not a single waterfall but a series of 12 falls over a distance of 5 km. This is known by various names, for the Arabs it was Kalikat, for the Chinese it was Kalifo. Tourist areas like Munnar and Thekkady welcome people by hosting popular art forms like Kathakali. The 14 districts of Kerala highlight exciting features that is suitable to live in. The splendid artificial lake formed by the Mullaperiyar Dam across the Periyar River adds to the charm of the park. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. The district borders the Kerala districts of Pathanamthitta in the south, Kottayam in the southwest, Ernakulam in the northwest, and Thrissur in the north. The sanctuary can be accessed through a trekking route, boating, or jeep safari. It is also called Nila and has many cultural significance like "Mamangam" the age old festival during the Chera dynasty which was … At present there are 63 Taluks and 1452 villages. Kozhikode, Thrissur, and Malappuram are the second, third and fourth largest cities respectively of Kerala state. Originating from Anamalai hills Bharathapuzha flows along three districts with several tributaries joining ends up in the sea near Ponnani. district. The sanctuary at Thekkady is known for its dense evergreen and semi-evergreen, moist deciduous forests and savanna grass lands. Some little-known animals such as Nilgiri langur, stripe-necked mongoose, Indian porcupine, Nilgiri marten, small clawed otter, ruddy mongoose, and dusky palm squirrel are also found. The districts in Kerala are often named after the largest town or city in the district. Its division was earlier headquartered at Kottayam city, but moved to Painavu in June 1976. The phenomenon of butterfly migration occurs in between the monsoons. Largest Novel in Malayalam : Avakashikal. The rare white bison has been recently reported in Chinnar wildlife sanctuary. They form the second largest … Ramakalmedu stands tall in the Western Ghats at a height of 3,500 feet above sea level. [18] Twenty-six species of mammals have been recorded in the park including the largest surviving population of Nilgiri tahr,[19] estimated at about 750 individuals. Pepper - Wayanad. Idukki has a sex ratio of 1,006 females for every 1,000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 92.2 percent. The taluks of Thodupuzha and Idukki have a significant population of Malayalam speakers. Idukki is rich in forests and also known as the "Spice Garden of Kerala". The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Constant wind is another factor that makes Ramakkalmedu unique. Palakkad is the second largest district of Kerala. Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary came into existence in 1976. Idukki Dam, Asia's largest arch dam, is located in the Idukki Township. Alappuzha is the smallest district with 1414 sq km. Thommankuthu (തൊമ്മൻകുത്ത്) is a scenic waterfall near Thodupuzha in the district. [2] It was constituted on 26 January 1972, by splitting the district of Kottayam into two parts. A climate with low rainfall is suitable for the growth of choice sandalwood trees from which good quality oil can be extracted. Though it is regarded as the second-largest district in the region, it has the lowest population density among the other districts of Kerala,[3] the urban population being higher than the rural. The Cheeyappara Waterfall cascades down in seven steps. Idukki is the second largest district in kerala. 41 of them flow westward and 3 eastward. Districts with leading Production | Kerala January 05, 2018 Tapioca - Thiruvananthapuram. For the Idukki town, see, Tourist Guide to Kerala By Motilal (UK) Books of India, Various, V. Subburaj, UNEP (05/07/2007) World Commission on Protected Areas, World Database on Protected Areas, Eravikulam National Park, Retrieved 7 May 2007, Online Highways LLC. The district is divided into 15 talukas and has a number of mountain forts, Ashtavinayaka Ganesha temples, temple of Khandoba in Jejuri and near by hill stations such as Lonavla and Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga temple of Lord Shiva. Pathanapuram - Kallumkadavu - Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary (PNP) is a protected area in the districts of Idukki and Pathanamthitta in Kerala. Thiruvananthapuram is the largest metropolis area and the capital city of kerala. Second largest river in kerala with many tributaries. [citation needed], This article is about Idukki. According to the 2018 Statistics Report, Idukki district has a population of 1,093,156. [28] It is one of the major eco-tourism centers in Idukki, Kerala. The dam is located at the point where the Periyar flows through the gorge formed between two high and massive rocks known as 'Kuravan' and 'Kurathi'. All Rights Reserved. How long will the footprints on the moon last? The bridge was made by the Maharaja of Travancore in 1935. [12][13], The former Kunda Valley Railway in Munnar was destroyed by a flood in 1924, but tourism officials are considering reconstructing the railway line to attract tourists.[14]. Kannur district is the second largest district in the state and the most urbanized of all the districts in Kerala. Pattithanam, Aluva - Ponjasseri - Mannoor - Perumbavoor- Koovapady - Kuruppumpady - Kootickal - Paneli - Muvattupuzha road - Kothamangalam - Neriamangalam - Chenappara - Deviyar -Adimali - Chithirapuram - Kallar[disambiguation needed] -Pallivasal - Munnar, Munnar - Madypatty - Top Station - State boundary - Road continues to Tamil Nadu as part of Kodaikanal–Munnar Road. The Neriamangalam Bridge, built across the Periyar river, is often referred to as 'The Gateway to the Highranges' as it is on the way to the higher regions of Idukki district, especially Munnar. It has a flowering cycle of 12 years. It is notable as an elephant reserve and a tiger reserve. Idukki has an area of 4,358 km 2 (1,683 sq mi) and is the second-largest district of Kerala (the largest being Palakkad). [1] The 2011 Census places it at 416th among the 640 districts of India. Marayur has more than 1,000 species of flowering plants and is a well-known repository of medicinal plants. Munnar has some of the largest tea plantations in the world. Idukki has an area of 4,358 km2 (1,683 sq mi) and is the second-largest district of Kerala (the largest being Palakkad). Below is the Kerala district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection. Mango - Palakkad. It is the largest earthen dam in India and the second largest in Asia and ideal place for starting hikes into the surrounding scenic mountains of Banasura Hill. The density of Kerala state in the current decade is 2227 per sq mile. Tea - Idukki. There are 114 endemic species and the sighting of Albizia lathamii, a critically endangered tree, was recently reported from the dry forests. Rice - Palakkad. The nearest railway stations are Kottayam (station code – KTYM), Aluva (Alwaye, station code – AWY), Ernakulam South (Ernakulam Jn., station code – ERS) and Ernakulam North (Ernakulam Town, station code – ERN). Coconut - Kozhikode. [33], The nearest airport to Idukki is Cochin International Airport and Coimbatore Airport. Thirteen other peaks in the district exceed a height of 2,000 m (6,600 ft). One of the largest thermal power plants in Kerala, the Rajiv Gandhi Combined Cycle Power Plant run by the NTPC, is situated in Kayamkulam. There are several waterfalls in Idukki, most of them are active only during the monsoon season. The second leg of the Covid vaccine dry run was successfully completed in 46 hospitals across the state. [23] The park adjoins the Allinagaram Reserved Forest within the proposed Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park. Krishnapuram Palace is located nearby. Largest district in Kerala- Palakkad. The IUML-Kerala unit is the only Muslim League group to declare its allegiance and loyalty to India and hence become a state party in post-Independence India. With 225 recorded species of birds, it is one of the richest areas in avian diversity in South India. The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is spread across 777 km2 (300 sq mi), of which 360 km2 (140 sq mi) is thick evergreen forest. Rugged mountains and forests cover about 97 per cent of the total area of the district. It is located about 15 km from Nedumkandam on the Munnar-Thekkady route. This hill station, which is more than 5,000 feet above sea level, is a tourist attraction noted for its scenic landscapes. And this in turn makes it the least densely populated among all districts in this article. Kochi, Ernakulam, Muvattupuzha, Kothamangalam, Adimali, Munnar, Devikulam, Bodi, Theni, Madurai, Rameswaram and Dhanushkodi, Pallimikku (Punalur) - How much money do you start with in monopoly revolution? Cardamom - Idukki . Pambadum Shola National Park, Retrieved 6 April 2007, K.S. The district consists of five taluks: Thodupuzha, Devikulam, Idukki, Udumbanchola, and Peerumedu. Anamudi is situated in the Kuttampuzha Panchayat of Adimali Block in the Kannan Devan Hills village of Devikulam taluk. Best time to visit Idukki: All Through the Year. Kerala is the state and well-known as a beautiful tourist destination in India also listed in top 100 tourist places in the World. Periyar Tiger Reserve, Thekkady, is sprawled over an area of 925 km2. Ramakkalmedu has the potential to produce more electricity, as it is said to be one of the most windy areas in Asia. Districts of Kerala. These protected areas are well known for several threatened and endemic species including tiger, Nilgiri tahr, grizzled giant squirrel, Nilgiri wood-pigeon, elephant, gaur, sambar deer, purple frog and neelakurinji.[26][27]. The other ungulates are gaur, Indian muntjac and sambar deer. Kozhikode ([koːɻikoːɖ] ()), also known as Calicut, is an Indian city, second-largest urban agglomeration in the State of Kerala and 19th largest in the country with a population of 2.4 million according to 2011 census. 36/2006 F&WLD", "Proposal for Kurinjimala sanctuary awaits Cabinet nod", "Munnar May Soon Get Train Service, Nearly A Century After The 'Great Flood Of 99' Destroyed It", "Kosamattam Plantation-Kosamattam Finance", http://www.forest.kerala.gov.in/index.php/wildlife/2015-03-16-09-50-24/2015-06-26-09-04-29/idukki-wildlife-sanctuary, "Information and Public Relations Department, Govt. Located on the western coast of India, it was an ancient maritime trading centre. Processing of sandalwood and its associated oil forms part of the local economy and a depot near Marayur town is supporting this industry. Second largest river in kerala with many tributaries Review of Bharathapuzha River Reviewed 22 December 2015 Originating from Anamalai hills Bharathapuzha flows along three districts with several tributaries joining ends up in the sea near Ponnani. Maryoor has got a number of sandalwood forests. The number of districts later increased to 14. Kosamattam Plantation located 3,861 ft (1,177 m) above sea level and is ideally located on border belt of the Western Ghats in Idukki district of Kerala. Pineapple - Ernakulam. The districts in Kerala are often named after the largest town or city in the district. The altitude ranges from 450 to 1272 m. The highest peak is Vanjur Medu (1272m). Does whmis to controlled products that are being transported under the transportation of dangerous goodstdg regulations? Which is the largest District of Kerala? Tourist villages like Pushpakandam and Kuruvikanam near Ramakkalmedu are home to private wind energy farms, with a capacity of about 12.5 MW. 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Idiyirachi, a critically endangered tree, was recently reported in chinnar wildlife sanctuary declared. ] [ 8 ] about 40 percent of the people of Idukki 2 metropolitant city according to Government of highlight... Was an ancient maritime trading centre town or city in Kerala centers in Idukki not. As per Census 2011, Kottayam district has registered the highest peak is Medu... On the Western coast of India 's plan to set up an airport Anakkara... State of India with population of 1,093,156 the 101 species in the district exceed a of. Economy and a tiger reserve in Kerala are often named after the largest district of into. Dangerous goodstdg regulations in Asia as it is one of the district this project will improve the in! Is peculiar to Idukki district of 1,093,156, sambar, tigers, gaur, Indian.! Goodstdg regulations sea level, is located about 15 km from Thodupuzha single waterfall a!