One Hundred Poems Thus, after a very long hiatus, Russian readers were afforded the opportunity to renew acquaintance with the writer described by Sampson as an extraordinary poet, whose late poetry “tells us that he was in the midst of his creative development, that he still had new creative paths to follow, had fate so decreed.”, From Apollinaire to Rilke, and from Brooke to Sassoon: a sampling of war poets, A versatile critic, translator, prose writer, and theorist of poetry, Nikolai Stepanovich Gumilev was an innovative, imaginative, and influential poet who enjoyed particular prominence in Russia during the years before the revolution of 1917. Nikolay Gumilev Spouse: Anna Nikolaevna Engelhardt (m. 1918–1921), Anna Akhmatova (m. 1910–1918) Death date: August 25, 1921. Gumilev. Early life and poems. An ensuing volume, Shatyor (“The Tent,” 1921), is likewise caustic in its considerations of the revolution. Nikolay was born on April 3rd in Kronshtadt, to the family of the doctor S.Y. Writing about “Solntse dukha” (“The Sun of the Spirit”), Rusinko noted Gumilev’s “rhetorical exuberance” and his “patriotic fervor.” Marc Slonim described Kolchan in Modern Russian Literature: From Chekhov to the Present as one replete with “fierce combats, savage natives, and East African landscapes.” Slonim added, “In the forest and deserts of the Dark Continent [Gumilev] found not only proud fighters who die superbly ... but also a violence of colors, a power, and a spontaneous and magnificent outburst of the life instinct.”. From 1907 and on, Nikolai Gumilyov traveled extensively in Europe, notably in Italy and France. Its deepest concerns are man's inner being and striving for spiritual fulfilment. From Paris he travels to London, where he stays for three He was the cofounder of the Acmeist movement. Gumilev founded the “Guild of Poets,” and in 1912, with fellow poet Sergey Gorodetsky, invented the term “acmeism,” based on the Greek word, A reaction to a mystical approach to poetry—which provided many of Gumilev’s contemporaries an opportunity to address metaphysical and spiritual subjects—acmeism, with its focus on poetic technique, as well on procedures favoring clarity of expression, not only gained wide critical approval, but also exerted a significant influence on Russian poetry. These works, as Sampson noted in his Russian Literature Triquarterly appraisal, “show maturation and development.”. As a student he met Anna Andreyevna Gorenko, who would become a famous poet under the name of Anna Akhmatova, and who he married in 1910. Nevertheless, the Soviet regime was unable to prevent the posthumous publication of K sinyei Zvezde (“To a Blue Star,” 1923), the poetry collection that Earl Sampson described in Russian Literature Triquarterly as Gumilev’s “best and most significant work.” Unlike Ognennyi stolp and Shatyor, K sinyei zvezde harkens back to the more lyrical style of Gumilev’s earlier poems. Nikolay Stepanovich Gumilyov was an influential Russian poet, literary critic, traveler, and military officer. Discerning a certain duality in Gumilev’s poetry, a duality which, in his view, characterizes the works of Akhmatova, Obolensky wrote that, in the poems written between 1918 and 1921, Gumilev “achieved remarkable emotional tenseness and visionary power—as in the ‘The Sixth Sense’ or the hauntingly suggestive ‘Tram that Lost Its Way.’” [1] He studied at the gymnasium of Tsarskoe Selo, where the Symbolist poet Innokenty Annensky was his teacher. My Thoughts. Get this from a library! According to Dimitry Obolensky, Gumilev’s poetic oeuvre reaches its apex during the period after 1918. provided at no charge for educational purposes. He was first husband of Anna Akhmatova and father of historian Lev Gumilev. Nikolay Gumilyov was born in the town of Kronstadt on Kotlin Island, into the family of Stepan Yakovlevich Gumilyov (1836–1910), a naval physician, and Anna Ivanovna L'vova (1854–1942).His childhood nickname was "Montigomo," the Hawk's Claw. He later studied in St. Petersburg, Russia, but did not complete a degree. Nikolay Gumilyov was born in the town of Kronstadt on Kotlin Island, into the family of Stepan Yakovlevich Gumilyov (1836–1910), a naval physician, and Anna Ivanovna L'vova (1854–1942).His childhood nickname was "Montigomo," the Hawk's Claw. Why did you come, my thoughts, in instant, Like thieves to rob my quiet habitation, Like vultures, gloomy and malignant, With thirst for dread retaliation.... more ». He ultimately fought in the front lines, where he distinguished himself as a soldier of remarkable courage. Adonis with his moony beauty... Like the wind of a happy country... ✍️️ The Sick Man Andrei Rublev It comprised poems on most exotic subjects imaginable, from Lake Chad giraffes to Caracalla's crocodiles. His childhood nickname was "Montigomo," the Hawk's Claw. For several years, the Soviet establishment regarded him as a non-person. His poems were banned and were not published in … In 1903, the Gumilev family moved back to Tsarskoe Selo, where Nikolay entered the 7th class at the Nikolaevsky Tsarskoe Selo School. Nikolai Gumilev during his senior years in gymnasium Nikolay Stepanovich Gumilev (Russian: Николай Степанович Гумилёв, April 15 NS 1886 – August 1921) was an influential Russian poet who founded the acmeism movement. [N Gumilev; Richard McKane; Michael Basker] -- Nikolay Gumilyov, co-founder of the Acmeist school of poetry, was shot by the Bolsheviks in 1921. In 1887, the Gumilev family moved to Tsarskoe Selo, where Nikolay began studying at the School of Gurevich. Much of his early verse was inspired by his travel in Africa and is marked by a liking for the exotic and a cult of heroism and adventure. Nikolay attended the best school in the area, Tiflis One. His childhood nickname was "Montigomo," the Hawk's Claw. From 1906 to 1908, he lived in Paris, France, where he attended university lectures. Unlike many of his colleagues, Gumilev was not a supporter of Bolshevik power in Russia. It comprised poems on most exotic subjects imaginable, from Lake Chad giraffes to Caracalla's crocodiles. Early life and poems. A versatile critic, translator, prose writer, and theorist of poetry, Nikolai Stepanovich Gumilev was an innovative, imaginative, and influential poet who enjoyed particular prominence in Russia during the years before the revolution of 1917. He was a cofounder of the Acmeist movement. Gumilev was born in 1886, in Kronstadt. Gumilev founded the “Guild of Poets,” and in 1912, with fellow poet Sergey Gorodetsky, invented the term “acmeism,” based on the Greek word akme, meaning “pinnacle,” to denote a new orientation in poetry. It was not only once, it will go this way, Profanity : Our optional filter replaced words with *** on this page •, © by owner. Among Gumilev’s other publications is Kostyor (“The Bonfire,” 1918), another volume in which he demonstrated his affinity for the exotic. In fact, he openly proclaimed himself a monarchist. Although Gumilyov was proud of the book, most critics found his technique sloppy; later he would refer to that collection as apprentice's work. When World War I broke out, Gumilev volunteered for service and soon found himself in the cavalry. The house of my childhood games.... more ». Nikolay was born in the town of Kronstadt on Kotlin Island, into the family of Stepan Yakovlevich Gumilyov (1836–1920), a naval physician, and Anna Ivanovna L'vova (1854–1942). He found work as a lecturer, but he also continued to produce poetry collections. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The poem was signed "K. Gumilev". Nikolai was born in Kronstadt, into the family of Stepan Yakovlevich Gumilev (1836–1920), a naval physician, and Anna Ivanovna L'vova (1854–1942).His childhood nickname was Montigomo the Hawk's Claw. Nikolay Stepanovich Gumilev was a Russian poet. He treats the ‘poetic’ aspects of the situation (honor, courage, sacrifice) with little concern for objective reality.” Thus Gumilev, despite his Acmeist ideas, remained faithful to poetry as an expression of fantasy. For his efforts, he received two medals, including the distinguished Cross of St. George. A reaction to a mystical approach to poetry—which provided many of Gumilev’s contemporaries an opportunity to address metaphysical and spiritual subjects—acmeism, with its focus on poetic technique, as well on procedures favoring clarity of expression, not only gained wide critical approval, but also exerted a significant influence on Russian poetry. Its deepest concerns are man's inner being and striving for spiritual fulfilment. Nevertheless, as critics have written, Gumilev continued to revel in the exoticism characteristic of his early poetry. From 1907 and on, Nikolai Gumilyov traveled extensively in Europe, notably in Italy and France. Nikolay Gumilyov (1886-1921), known for his colorful, exotic verses, was one of the leading Russian poets of the early twentieth century. Particularly interested in poetics—the theory of poetry—Gumilev was instrumental in starting Acmeism, a new literary movement. Particularly interested in poetics—the theory of poetry—Gumilev was instrumental in starting Acmeism, a new literary movement. Only in the mid-1980s did Soviet authorities allow the publication of Gumilev’s works. He studied at the gymnasium of Tsarskoe Selo, where the Symbolist poet Innokenty Annensky was his teacher. Nikolai Gumilev, one of the most prominent Russian poets, was born on April 15, 1886. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Nikolay Gumilev Poetry Poems Russian poet Tbilisi 1989 Russian Gumilyov at the best online prices at eBay! An influential Russian poet, literary critic, traveler, and military officer. It was here that his first poem, entitled "I ran from the cities to the forest" was published in the magazine "Tiflis Listok". Exemplifying this poetry of clarity and concision is Gumilev’s own Cuzoe nebo (“Foreign Sky,” 1912). Discerning a certain duality in Gumilev’s poetry, a duality which, in his view, characterizes the works of Akhmatova, Obolensky wrote that, in the poems written between 1918 and 1921, Gumilev “achieved remarkable emotional tenseness and visionary power—as in the ‘The Sixth Sense’ or the hauntingly suggestive ‘Tram that Lost Its Way.’”. Gumilyov’s poetry collection entitled Cuzoe nebo (1912; “Foreign Sky”) established his reputation as a leading Russian poet. In 1887, the Gumilev family moved to Tsarskoe Selo, where Nikolay began studying at the School of Gurevich. In addition, he expressed his disdain for the revolution by publishing Ognennyi stolp  (“The Pillar of Fire,” 1921), a collection of fantastic, even nightmarish, poems rejecting the communist triumph. Nikolay Stepanovich Gumilev (Russian language: Никола́й Степа́нович Гумилёв, IPA:[nʲɪkɐˈlaj stʲɪˈpanəvʲɪt͡ɕ ɡʊmʲɪˈlʲɵf]( listen); April 15 NS 1886 – August 25, 1921) was an influential Russian poet, literary critic, traveler, and military officer. It was here that his first poem, entitled "I ran from the cities to the forest" was published in the magazine "Tiflis Listok". Later, Gumilyov admitted that it was Annensky's influence that turned his mind to writing poetry. Although Gumilyov was proud of the book, most critics found his technique sloppy; later he would refer to that collection as apprentice's work. Nikolay was born in the town of Kronstadt on Kotlin Island, into the family of Stepan Yakovlevich Gumilyov (1836–1920), a naval physician, and Anna Ivanovna L'vova (1854–1942).His childhood nickname was "Montigomo," the Hawk's Claw. He later studied in St. Petersburg, Russia, but did not complete a degree. For example, Earl Sampson, writing in Russian Literature Triquarterly, noted that though Gumilev began writing poetry in his teens, his artistic development was “slow, almost painfully slow.” Sampson described Put konkvistadorov as “definitely, irritatingly adolescent” and “highly derivative,” and he added that “Gumilev himself later regretted having published it.”, Gumilev followed Put’ konkvistadorov with such poetry collections as Romanticheskie tsvety (“Romantic Flowers,” 1908) and Zhemchuga (“Pearls,” 1910), which, although written in the tradition of Symbolism, impressed contemporary critics with its rich, exotic, daring imagery. Exemplifying this poetry of clarity and concision is Gumilev’s own, Modern Russian Literature: From Chekhov to the Present. / O, listen! Gumilev was eventually transferred from combat duty to administrative posts, but when the 1917 revolution erupted in Russia, he returned home. As a student he met Anna Andreyevna Gorenko, who would become a famous poet under the name of, Gumilev was an active participant in St. Petersburg’s literary life as a poet and critic. In ensuing collections—notably Kolchan (“The Quiver,” 1916)—Gumilev showed his prowess as a writer of war poems. Nikolay attended the best school in the area, Tiflis One. In 1905, while still in his teens, Gumilev published his first verse collection, Put’ konkvistadorov (“The Path of the Conquistadors”), which was strongly influenced by French Symbolism. Early life and poems. He was arrested and executed by the Cheka, the secret Soviet police force, in 1921. N. Elaine Rusinko wrote in Slavic and East-European Journal, “Gumilev’s war poems are usually exalted and rhetorical in tone. Later, Gumilyov admitted that it was Annensky's influence that turned his mind to writing poetry. Here Gumilev profoundly expresses his hate for the revolution and his disdain for communism’s emphasis on the collective over the individual. In 1900, the Gumilev family moved to the city of Tiflis in the Caucases in order to improve the children's health. 'The Giraffe' in fifty one variants in twenty languages. Here Gumilev completely abandons Symbolism, with its mysticism and musicality, showing his predilection for direct poetic expression. He found work as a lecturer, but he also continued to produce poetry collections. All poems of Nikolai Stepanovich Gumilev. He lectured at various educational institutions and served on the editorial board of Vsemirnaya Literatura, which was prominent in publishing. The rich, exotic poetry of Nikolay Gumilyov (1886-1921) draws on his extensive travels in Europe and Africa. Gumilev was eventually transferred from combat duty to administrative posts, but when the 1917 revolution erupted in Russia, he returned home. The Pillar of Fire—Richard McKane's translations of the early 20 th-Century Russian poet Nikolay Gumilyov—is monumental in that it places a broad range of Gumilyov's poetry back into print in the English-speaking world. Nikolay Gumilev was arrested and executed by the Cheka, the secret Soviet police force in 1921. Gumilev. Poems by Nikolay Gumilev. In the years after Gumilev’s death, his works and reputation fell into obscurity. His poems were banned and were not published in Russia until the late 1980s. In 1903, the Gumilev family moved back to Tsarskoe Selo, where Nikolay entered the 7th class at the Nikolaevsky Tsarskoe Selo School. During World War I, Gumilyov fought at the front as a volunteer and in 1917 served as the Provisional Government’s special commissar in Paris after the first Russian Revolution that year. Home. Later, Gumilyov admitted that it was Annensky's influence that turned his mind to writing poetry. S poetry collection entitled Cuzoe nebo ( “ the Tent, ” )... 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